1. Sewing machine—start

Before you start sewing, you need to be sure that both threads exit under the presser foot and behind it. You accomplish this by manually turning the handwheel counter clockwise until the bottom thread has been caught. Then pull them out a few inches.

Insert your fabric, lower the presser foot and then begin sewing. You need to adjust your top thread for the proper tension for each type and thickness of fabric.

2. Sewing machine—bobbin pin issue

The bobbin pin in the center of the hand wheel can be rotated counterclockwise (toward you) or held and the hand wheel can be rotated slightly in a clockwise direction to extend it. Likewise, when you’re finished, it can be pushed in and turned clockwise (or hold it and turn the handwheel counterclockwise).